|As that day dawned at Los Banos Civilian
Internment Camp, it held two thousand one hundred and forty seven U.S., British, Canadian,
French, and other Allied civilian prisoners of the Imperial Japanese Forces. After several
years of imprisonment, they were the remaining survivors, who were slowly but surely going
to join their predecessors in starving to death. Among the remaining survivors were my
father, mother, younger brother and I.
We were down to one official meal a day; living on a bug filled rice mush (mostly water)
called Iugau, banana tree stalks, papaya tree roots, weeds, slugs and in some cases dogs
My father, who was almost six feet tall,
weighed about ninety pounds and my mother as she recalled, "I stopped weighing myself
when I weighed eighty pounds." I myself weighed about seventy pounds.
As we went to bed the night before, little did we
know that as we slept, the men of the Recon Platoon of the 511th were sneaking up to their
positions at key points outside the camp - the men of the 187th and 188th Regiments were
busy keeping the Japanese troops occupied in a diversionary operation - the men of the
672nd Amphibian Tractor Battalion were making their way in the dark with hand held
compasses across Laguna de Bay transporting the balance of the First Battalion of the
511th Regiment, and that "B" Company 511th was getting a little bit of sleep at
Nichols Field under the wings of the Army Air Force C-47's that were to carry them to
their moment of history.
That morning, as I walked out of the barracks with my
family to line up for 7:00 A.M. roll call, I looked up into the sky over a field near our
camp and saw several C-47 transport planes. Suddenly, the sky filled with the
"Angels;" the men of "B" Company of the 511th Parachute Infantry
Regiment, floating down as if from heaven in their white parachutes. A
At that same moment the Recon Platoon, which as I mentioned
previously had infiltrated in during the night, hit the guard posts and began the race to
the guard room where the off-duty guards had their rifles stored. Those guards were
outside doing their regular 7:00 A.M. morning exercises. By the way, the troopers won the
We all ran back to the barracks. With bullets flying just over my head through the grass
mat walls, I lay on the floor, under my bunk eating my breakfast. I was so hungry that not
even bullets could keep me from that pitifully meager portion of watery, buggy rice mush.
Soon one of the "Angels" came into our barracks
shouting, "Grab only what you can carry and hurry outside to the Amtracs."
The men of the 672nd Amphibian Tractor Battalion, who had brought the balance of
the attacking, force across Lake Laguna De Bay, manned those Amtracs. They had to get us
back safely across the lake to U.S. lines before two thousand crack Japanese troops of the
infamous Tiger Division, just over the hill, found out what was going on.
On that day, all 2,147 of us, including a newly born baby
girl who was carried out in a helmet liner were saved. Some time later, I read that
they had come to get us because General Douglas MacArthur had received information, from
three men who had escaped from our camp, that our guards had been making preparations to
dispose of us -- digging trenches for our graves and placing oil barrels which could be
rolled down the hillside onto the barracks to set them afire --then machine gunning any of
us who ran outside. I read that this execution had been scheduled for that very morning of
February 23, 1945.
To this day, over fifty years later, this singular event of
history, this magnificent military operation, this unmatched rescue of starving civilian
prisoners of war from behind enemy lines has been overshadowed by a flag raising; which
although meaningful and representing a terrible battle was, as reported - the replacement
of a previously placed flag by a larger flag.
They were and are a special breed, those men who came that
day. Superbly trained, thank God - men who went home after they served - going on with
their lives - not complaining - humble - proud that they served.
When I meet one of my "Angels" for the first
time, I take his hand and say "Thank you for my life." To a man, they
immediately insist, "I was just doing my job. You guys were the heroes."
But for the troopers of the 11th Airborne, the men of the 672nd Amphibian Tractor
Battalion and those Army Air Force C-47 pilots, I would not have survived Los Banos
Internment Camp. There would have been no opportunity for me to have a wife, son, daughter
and nine wonderful grandchildren.
The Wheeler Family -- as it exists today--
would never have been.
I WILL NEVER FORGET
Robert A. Wheeler
Los Banos Internee